Video and streaming over the Internet
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Standards on Multicast, Streaming and Internet TV
ISO Standardisation - Multimedia data format W3C and other Standardisation ITU-T Standardisation - Communication Protocols
IETF Standardisation - Communication Protocols

Multimedia Metadata format and Markup language

ISO Standardisation - Multimedia data format

MPEG Standards

ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29 WG11 - Official MPEG Committee website
Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of ISO/IEC in charge of the development of international standards for compression, decompression, processing, and coded representation of moving pictures, audio and their combination.

MPEG-7 Homepage

Other MPEG Resources

MPEG Systems -
MPEG-4 Systems is a subgroup of MPEG in charge of the development of tools to support the coded representation of the combination of streamed elementary audiovisual information in the form of natural or synthetic, audio or visual, 2D and 3D objects within the context of content-based access for digital storage media, digital audiovisual communication and other applications.

MPEG Video Group Webpage -
MPEG-7 documents and links at Starlab, Brussels -
MPEG-4 Synthetic/Natural Hybrid Coding (SNHC) -
MPEG Audio Group -
MPEG-4 Structured Audio / SAOL -

MPEG Pointers and Resources -
MPEG.ORG is mostly focussing on the MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 standards.

Audio & Multimedia (AMM) Technology Information at Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Institute
Information about audio coding schemes and related technologies developed by Fraunhofer IIS-A

MPEG Elementary Test Streams -

ITU-T Standardisation - Communication Protocols

A Primer on the T.120 Series Standard -
The T.120 standard contains a series of communication and application protocols and services that provide support for real-time, multipoint data communications. These multipoint facilities are important building blocks for a whole new range of collaborative applications, including desktop data conferencing, multi-user applications, and multi-player gaming.
Multipoint Communication Service (MCS) - T.122, T.125; Transport Stacks - T.123; Generic Conference Control (GCC) - T.124; Generic Application Template (GAT) - T.121; Still Image Exchange and Annotation (SI) - T.126; Multipoint Binary File Transfer - T.127.
Future standards T.130 - Audio-visual Control For Multimedia Conferencing.

Key H.323 Terms -
H.323 is an umbrella recommendation from the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) that sets standards for multimedia communications over Local Area Networks (LANs) that do not provide a guaranteed Quality of Service (QoS). The H.323 standard provides a foundation for audio, video, and data communications across IP-based networks, including the Internet.
H.323 is part of a larger series of communications standards that enable videoconferencing across a range of networks. Known as H.32X, this series includes H.320 and H.324, which address ISDN and PSTN communications, respectively.

IETF Standardisation - Communication Protocols

Taxonomy of Communication Requirements for Large-scale Multicast Applications by  P. Bagnall, B. Briscoe, A. Poppitt. - RFC2729. -
The intention of this memo is to define a classification system for the communication requirements of any large-scale multicast application (LSMA). It is very unlikely one protocol can achieve a compromise between the diverse requirements of all the parties involved in any LSMA. It is therefore necessary to understand the worst-case scenarios in order to minimize the range of protocols needed. Dynamic protocol adaptation is likely to be necessary which will require logic to map particular combinations of requirements to particular mechanisms.  Standardizing the way that applications define their requirements is a necessary step towards this.
Classification is a first step towards standardization.

H. Schulzrinne, A. Rao, R. Lanphier. Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP). - RFC2326. April 1998
Open standard aims to provide an extensible framework to enable controlled delivery of real-time data, such as audio and video.

Caching Support in Standards-based RTSP/RTP Servers by Jay Geagan, Mike Kellner, Alagu Periyannan -
This document presents the issues facing streaming media caching. It proposes a set of mechanisms to enable streaming media caching between standards-based RTSP/RTP servers and proxies. Streaming media caching refers to the process through which streaming content is dynamically replicated closer to users so as to provide a better viewing experience. A list of RTSP ehancements and open issues are presented. This document is intended to be a starting point for discussion between various parties interested in standardizing the mechanism used by RTSP/RTP servers to enable streaming media caching.

IP Multicast Applications: Challenges and Solutions by's Bob Quinn and Kevin Almeroth

Uniform Resource Identifiers for Television Broadcasts by D. Zigmond, M. Vickers
World-Wide Web browsers are starting to appear on a variety of consumer electronic devices, such as television sets and television set-top boxes, which are capable of receiving television programming from either terrestrial broadcast, satellite broadcast, or cable. In this context there is a need to reference television broadcasts using the URI format described in [RFC 2396]. This document describes a widely-implemented URI scheme to refer to such broadcasts.

Stream URI Scheme by F. Kenji, K. Shinobu, T. Tsuyoshi
This document describes the Stream Uniform Resource Identifier which allows Internet clients to have direct access to multimedia streams.

IETF Working Group producing relevant to Multicast and Streaming Internet Drafts

Internet Drafts relavant to IP Multicast list at -

Multimedia Metadata format and Markup language

Synchronized Multimedia: Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL).
W3C Recommendation: Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) 1.0 Specification -
This subset of XML (Extensible Markup Language) enables synchronisation of multimedia elements (video, sound, still images. text). SMIL (pronounced "smile") streams multiple movies, still images, and sound separately but co?rdinates their timing.

MPEG-7 the content representation standard for multimedia information search, filtering, management and processing. -

CEN/ISSS Workshop on Metadata for Multimedia Information - Dublin Core (MMI DC) -
Workshop Objective: To promote the development, implementation and application of standardised metadata schemes, specifically including current and future Dublin Core standards.

CEN/ISSS Workshop on MMI (Metadata for Multimedia Information) -
Produced documents: Model for Metadata for Multimedia Information; Requirements for Metadata for Multimedia Information.

W3C and Other Standardisation

Television and the Web -

Voice Browser -
Voice Browser Working Group -

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
SMPTE Standards, Recommended Practice and Engineering Guidlines -

VoiceXML Forum recently announced it has completed the VoiceXML 1.0 specification, which is expected to expand the reach of the Internet by providing voice access to content and services.

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