Professional Education And Training In Networking Information Technologies As A Demand Of Developing National Information Infrastructure
Main Principles Of Teaching In Networked Information Environment
Pilot Implementation Of The New Instructional Methodology And Educational Program
PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN NETWORKING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AS A DEMAND OF DEVELOPING NATIONAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE
An important role in GII development and creating elements of Open Information Society will belong to Universities’ Academic and Research community. The knowledge-based economy demands greater openness and creativity in schools and universities, and the acquisition of new skills and adaptability through life-long training. An open approach to education that combines local and national cultures and promotes mutual understanding between all people is required.
Internet and Global Information Infrastructure (GII) development in the world change the main paradigms in Education and Research and rises new tasks caused by mankind survive Information Revolution and start building Information Society which is defined as post-technological society.
Education should respond on global challenges of forming Information Society in providing necessary background for successful people living in this new knowledge based formation:
MAIN PRINCIPLES OF TEACHING IN NETWORKED INFORMATION ENVIRONMENT
Proposed instructional methodology is very similar to the Project Based Learning (PBL) that signify advent of the new paradigm of education in knowledge based Information Society. In this new environment, students and teacher become collectors and produces of knowledge/information in contrary to previous roles of just receivers and source of information in previous models of education in industrial and technological societies. Main issue of such new approaches belongs to knowledge search, transfer and acquisition in information and knowledge reach environment formed by GII and Internet that are not limited by classroom and national boundaries. Students in such environment are capable not only consume information and knowledge but also introduce new information and even skills retrieved from the Net.
Main principles teaching modern Information Technologies in Technical, Technological and non-Technical education can be formulted as following.
Learning from the Internet - Contributing to the Internet
Pilot project on development of Educational Program and Instructional Methodology for Teaching Computer Networking and Internet Information Technologies has been started at Computer Aided Design Department in Kiev Polytechnic Institute. Two groups of 50 engineer students of the firth year have started education in September 1995 and 1996. 17 students of the first group have successfully defended their Master theses in June 1997. All students were involved into development of complete educational course technical and information base.
The pilot educational program includes main specialized courses on Computer Networks and Networking Information Technologies and Services:
All courses are supplied by instructional and computer presentation materials that are distributed among students in paper and/or electronic form. Some materials are available on educational WWW server (http://cad.ntu-kpi.kiev.ua/). It allowed to create initial base of instructional and educational materials as well as to adopt and test Russian/Ukrainian terminology on real lecturing and educational project development.
Some practical experience will be acquired by students during educational projects designing that include development of real networks projects for concrete academic and educational institutions including development of necessary information services for operational needs of the organization and/or users’ group. Also practical installation of services and pilot information resource development is performed on special educational laboratory base.
Two main components of complex educational projects are network infrastructure design and information server structure and content development. Projects are recommended to be developed by groups of three or four students and include all necessary components of real networking project design of campus or company’s network including organisation of optimal cooperative work of the project group
Background of successfull realisation of discussed project on development new educational program and instructional methodology is idea of cooperative and contributive learning enforced by students’ enthusiasm and wide interest of professional and business circles in Ukraine.
Described experience is very simple for implementation but demands experienced and devoted teacher corps capable to work as “playing coach”. Some areas of fruitful international cooperation should be found in development of distance education on the base of existing results and technologies for better utilisation of developed educational courses and instructional methodologies on different subjects interesting for Universities.
Demchenko Yu.V. “New Paradigm of Education in Global Information Environment: Learning from the Internet - Contributing to the Internet”, INET’97 Proceedings, “The Internet: Global Frontiers. The Annual Meeting of the Internet Society”, 24-27 June 1997, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Demchenko Yu.V. “Cooperative and Contributive Learning - the real choice to push professional education in Networking Information Technologies in Ukraine and CIS”, JENC8 Proceedings, Edinburgh, Scotland, May 12-15, 1997, pp. 822-1 - 822-7.